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How to drink espresso. What is crema in espresso? Espresso flavor. Вarista tips.

What is espresso and how to drink it correctly? Crema in espresso. Density, color and elasticity of crema, over-extracted and under-extracted espresso, why drink water before espresso. The taste and volume of espresso.
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What is Espresso?

An espresso is a small drink made from a sufficiently large amount of compressed ground coffee through which hot water under pressure flows. In professional coffee machines, the pressure ranges from 8.5-9.5 bar. The volume of the finished espresso is about 30 ml, the weight of ground coffee is 8-10 grams, this is a world standard that was formed more than twenty years ago, within which we work.

How to drink espresso?

Drink espresso quickly enough. The first thing we do is stir the crema and espresso. The fact is that when water passes under pressure through the coffee tablet, it washes out various substances: minerals, salts, sugars, and so on. These substances inside the espresso begin to stratify, with the heavier elements going down and the lighter elements going higher and higher. If you just take a cup and without stirring take a sip, you will capture the first top layers, take a second sip and you will have a change in taste after the third and fourth sip the taste will also change slightly. In order to fully appreciate the espresso, the contents of the drink must be evenly distributed. To do this, it is enough to stir the espresso 2-3 times with a spoon to the very bottom of the cup and then try the drink.

Why do you need water for espresso?

How to drink espresso?
You should also be given water. Water is not given for you to sip after your espresso. Water is given so that you first take a sip, clean your mouth, and then take a sip of espresso to maximize the taste of the espresso. Sometimes you want to drink water after the espresso, especially if it's not very tasty, but we want it to be tasty, so water first and then espresso.

How to drink espresso?

How fast should I drink espresso?

Espresso can be made from different varieties of Arabica, as well as from different countries in Latin America or Africa. And each variety of coffee behaves differently.
Some varieties are very decaying and get worse when they cool down. And then we understand that espresso will need to quickly deliver the client to the table. In a good coffee shop they will tell you about it and recommend you to drink an espresso right away. Most espresso is desirable to drink immediately, it is drunk in two or three sips.

Espresso changes taste over time.
Espresso should be prepared quickly, that is, as soon as it is prepared, it should be brought immediately. It's not good when the waiter or barista forgets and brings it to you two or three minutes after the drink has cooled down and the crema has fallen off.

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Crema in espresso

How do evaluate cremа in espresso?

And so we made two espressos, here double portions in two cups. How do you evaluate cremа and what are they? Cremа are emulsions of essential oils that appear as water passes under pressure through a coffee tablet. The essential oils foam up and such a foam appears on the surface. It can be much or little. It can be elastic or loose. Cremа can be different colors, the color of the cremа used to be evaluated and there were certain standards for color. I remember, when we were training, we were shown a picture of the ideal cremа to which we had to strive. Now we do not evaluate the color of the creamа at all. The color can be beige, brown, reddish or tiger shades.
THE COLOR OF THE CREMА DOESN'T SAY ANYTHING ABOUT THE TASTE OF THE ESPRESSO
Crema color in espresso, How to evaluate the presence of creamа, density and elasticity.
Crema in espresso
But what is definitely bad is when the cremа in the espresso are too light or too dark. Here are some reasons why crema may be light or dark after coffee extraction.
Under-extracted espresso
(too light crema)
Coarse grind
Light roasted coffee
Old coffee
Not enough coffee
Over-extracted espresso
(too dark crema)
Ultrafine grind
Dark roasted coffee
High temperature
Will taste bitter
coffee extraction, crema color in espresso, under-extracted espresso, over-extracted esprsso

How to evaluate the presence of cremа, density and elasticity?

Crema density in espresso
If you look at the crema of a freshly made espresso and see the black base of the coffee, it means that the density of the crema is not enough, the crema are more transparent than necessary. If you can't see the black base of the coffee and the crema are fluffy, then your espresso is prepared correctly.
Crema elasticity in espresso
Try to tilt the cup, and if the cremа comes back to us without tearing, then it is elastic. If you see a black coffee base under the cremа when you tilt the cup, it means that there is little elasticity.
How to drink espresso?

How much espresso should be?

In the course of my work, I have often heard guests complain when they receive a cup of espresso and there is only a little drink left in the cup. Why so little? In fact, it is not a problem for a barista to prepare a large espresso. It is very easy to skip 40-50 ml of water in coffee. It's all a matter of taste. Let's see what types of espresso are by volume.
coffee extraction, crema color in espresso, ristretto, lungo

There are derivatives from espresso:
Classic Espresso, Ristretto and Lungo.

Ristretto
Ristretto is a short espresso, an espresso that was turned off earlier than necessary.
The first substances that come out of coffee are minerals, salts, acids, sugars and caffeine. Ristretto has the most minerals, salts and acids, few sugars and virtually no caffeine. Some believe that Ristretto is the most invigorating drink, it seems so as it immediately hits the receptors. When you take the first sip, you have a crazy taste in your mouth, but you have practically no caffeine intoxication. But after 20-30 minutes the vigor effect disappears. Caffeine is not easily washed out, and the longer the water is in contact with the coffee, the more caffeine will be in the drink. One of the strongest coffee drink is Cold Brew Coffee, which is brewed for 12 hours or more.
Lungo
It is good for lungo to make the coffee grind a little coarser, but the baristas do not change the grind, basically lungo is brewed due to a longer pouring of water through the coffee tablet and we have 40-50 ml of the finished drink. Lungo has more caffeine, bitterness and a softer taste. Sometimes visitors to the cafe complained that there was not enough drink in the espresso portion, I replied that this was not a problem and that a larger portion could be made. I gave two cups to sample, one had espresso by our standards about 30 ml in the other as they asked to the brim.
The guest tried both drinks, if he likes our espresso, I said excellently our mission was accomplished; the guest likes what we consider to be a real espresso, if he said that he likes more volume, then we say that this is lungo and next time you need to order not an espresso but lungo.
How to drink espresso?

Espresso flavor

If you come to the cafe and you don't like the way your drink is made, such as the crema has disintegrated or the espresso is cold, you have every right to ask for a different drink. If you don't like the taste, for example, the drink is a little bit more sour or bitter or has a different taste, you can ask the barista or the cafe worker what has changed. He may answer that we have changed the composition of the coffee. Different coffee shops have different strategies. Some seek to always have the same taste, especially large chain cafes, for them it is important that today, tomorrow or in a month there would always be the same taste.

Other coffee shops, especially small cafes, change the composition of the coffee very often. Today you have one taste of espresso in a week you will get a completely different taste of the drink simply because they ran out of one coffee and brought in another. This gives variety in the life of the coffee shop and visitors, today you can try one taste and tomorrow another. For example, if this week coffee is prepared from coffee beans brought from Ethiopia with washed processing and next week coffee from the same country but dry processing, you will already change the taste of the coffee. The taste of coffee is highly dependent on the region where the coffee beans are harvested.
coffee extraction, crema color in espresso, ristretto, lungo

Changing volume of espresso

How to drink espresso?
I've mentioned several times that the espresso should be about 30 ml, why approximately?
The thing is that the crema that is in the espresso can be different volumes. We made a double espresso and it was about 45 ml of coffee and 15 ml of crema, for a total of 60 ml. If you leave the drink for a while the volume of the drink will decrease slightly and you will have about 50 ml. If we take coffee beans of a different roast, the amount of crema and the volume of coffee may be different. So do not pay attention to the volume, judge the coffee by the taste, it must be delicious.

How to drink espresso?

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How to drink espresso?

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Best espresso coffee makers for home

Top-rated espresso coffee makers in
a variety of price ranges for your home

Best espresso coffee makers for home

Wacaco Nanopresso Portable Espresso
Maker price under $75

Visit the Wacaco store to view all production range

Wacaco Nanopresso Portable Espresso Maker

Positive rating 88%
Sales and reviews over 1164
Answered questions 168

There's no need for a battery or power because it's all done manually! One of the best and most powerful espresso machines is the Nanopresso. Built around a newly patented pumping mechanism, the Nanopresso can achieve a maximum pressure of 18 bars (261 PSI) with the aid of your hands for unrivaled coffee extraction quality.

It's not easy to get the right espresso shot. Finely ground coffee that has been tamped hard works well in the Nanopresso. Nanopresso will help you brew perfect cups with a pleasant and dense crema layer every time thanks to its creative construction and simple operation.

It's delightfully quick to run and use. When compared to previous versions, the Nanopresso needs 15% less force to pump (1st generation Minipresso). Any part of the portafilter can be easily separated for deep cleaning when appropriate.
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Best espresso coffee makers for home

De'Longhi Stilosa Manual Espresso Machine, Latte & Cappuccino Maker price around $100

Visit the De'Longhi store to view all production range

De'Longhi Stilosa Manual Espresso

Positive rating 90%
Sales and reviews over 710
Answered questions 71

De'Longhi's Stilosa Espresso Machine is a beautifully crafted espresso machine that elevates your home espresso experience.
Our manual machine is built to make authentic specialty drinks like latte, cappuccino, and espresso simple to make. Espresso is extracted perfectly thanks to the 15 bar pump pressure and the long-lasting stainless steel boiler. With our manual milk frother, you can make a latte, cappuccino, or flat white with ease and consistency.

The stainless steel components and contemporary, refined nature of Stilosa make it the ideal addition to your kitchen countertop without taking up too much room. Your espresso experience would be hassle-free thanks to quick cleaning and maintenance. Stilosa is the perfect device to launch your at-home espresso journey.

Includes port a filter and 2 filters: An ergonomically designed port a filter has 2 filters, for single or double espresso.

Best espresso coffee makers for home

Mr. Coffee One-Touch CoffeeHouse Espresso Maker and Cappuccino Machine price around $200

Visit the Mr. Coffee store to view all production range

Mr. Coffee One-Touch CoffeeHouse Espresso

Positive rating 86%
Sales and reviews over 1300
Answered questions 229

The perfect pressure for extracting robust coffee flavors is 19 bar, which is delivered by an Italian pump.

The espresso maker's control is simplified with a simple one-button.
With a single button press, choose single or double espresso shots.
The water is uniformly heated by a thermocouple heating device for piping hot drinks.

Any milk can be whipped into a light, creamy froth with an automatic milk frother. It's easy to fill, clean, and store leftover milk in the fridge with the removable milk reservoir.

The cup tray adjusts to match both tall and small mugs.
Note: Before using for the first time, the instruction manual must be followed to prime the device.
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Best espresso coffee makers for home

Gaggia RI9380/46 Classic Pro Espresso Machine, Solid, Brushed Stainless Steel price around $450

Visit the Gaggia store to view all production range

Gaggia RI9380/46 Classic Pro Espresso Machine

Positive rating 91%
Sales and reviews over 810
Answered questions136

The Gaggia Classic Pro is a step up from one of the best entry-level semi-automatic espresso machines currently on the market. With the latest commercial steam wand, texture milk for a velvety microfoam fit for latte painting. With the included commercial single and double shot baskets and the commercial-style 58 mm portafilter, you can make expert espresso. Alternatively, use the pressurized basket to get the most out of pre-ground coffee. The new version has a more modern appearance and better pump mounts for quieter brewing.

This 58 mm chrome-plated brass portafilter is the same size and design as those used in cafes and coffee shops.

The vibration pump's superior mounting dampens the sound emitted while brewing. As a result, the Classic Pro makes the same great espresso while creating less noise.


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Breville BES870XL Barista Express Espresso Machine, Large, Stainless Steel price around $700

Visit the Breville store to view all production range

Breville BES870XL
Barista Express Espresso Machine

Positive rating 93%
Sales and reviews over 12500
Answered questions 996

The Breville Barista Express is part of the Barista Collection, which includes all-in-one espresso machines with integrated grinders that can go from beans to espresso in under one minute.
Controlling the dosage Grinder: With every roast of bean, the integrated precision conical burr grinder grinds on demand to produce the right amount of freshly ground coffee directly into the portafilter.
Water Pressure at Optimal Levels: Low-pressure pre-infusion steadily raises pressure at the start of the extraction, ensuring that all flavors are extracted equally for a balanced tasting cup.

Precise Espresso Extraction: Automated temperature control (PID) ensures optimum espresso extraction by supplying water at precisely the right temperature.
a guide Texturing Microfoam Milk: The strong steam wand allows you to hand texture foam milk, which enhances flavor and allows you to make latte art.
Grind Size Dial: Espresso Machine with Grind Size Dial: Quick and intuitive, no matter what sort of bean you're grinding, you'll have full control over the grind scale.
Espresso Maker with Built-in Coffee Grinder: An ingenious grinding cradle enables every home barista to grind directly into the espresso portafilter for the perfect espresso.
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How to use Breville BES870XL Barista Express Espresso Machine

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Breville Barista Touch Espresso Maker, Large, Stainless Steel price around $1000

Visit the Breville store to view all production range

Breville Barista Touch Espresso Maker, 12.7 x 15.5 x 16 inches, Stainless Steel

Positive rating 94%
Sales and reviews over 806
Answered questions 186

The Breville Barista Touch uses the 4 keys formula to make third-wave specialty coffee at home, and it's part of the Barista Collection, which includes all-in-one espresso machines with integrated grinders that can go from beans to espresso in under one minute.
Dose Control Grinding: The integrated precision conical burr grinder with dose control produces the right amount of coffee on demand, for full flavor, with just a single touch.
Water Pressure at Optimum Levels: Low-pressure pre-infusion steadily raises pressure at the start of the extraction, ensuring that all flavors are extracted equally for a balanced tasting cup.
Faster Heat-Up Time: ThermoJet's innovative heating system heats up to the optimal extraction temperature in just 3 seconds.
Extraction of Espresso with Precision: Digital temperature regulation (PID) ensures optimum espresso extraction by delivering water at precisely the right temperature.
Automatic Microfoam Milk Texturing: The auto steam wand enables you to customize the temperature and texture of your milk to fit your preferences; it produces barista-quality micro foam that enhances the coffee's flavor and is essential for making latte art at home.
Touch Screen: Using a touch screen monitor, you can make your favorite café coffee in three simple steps: Grind, Brew, and Milk are three words that come to mind when I think of coffee. To suit your preferences, easily change the coffee pressure, milk texture, and temperature. Create and save up to 8 coffees that are uniquely yours.
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