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What is Lungo Coffee Drink?

Composition and proportions of Lungo coffee
How to make a Lungo
Best coffee for Lungo
Best espresso machines to brew Lungo

What is Lungo Coffee Drink?

Composition and proportions of Lungo coffee. How to make a Lungo.
Best coffee for Lungo. Best espresso machines to brew Lungo.
lungo, what is lungo coffee, lungo picture infographics
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What is Lungo?

Lungo is a medium-sized black coffee prepared and served without the addition of milk or cream. Typically, lungo uses twice as much water as espresso. When preparing lungo, the extraction process continues, because it takes more time for all the water to pass through the coffee, due to this, more of the substances and traces elements contained in the coffee get into the cup. The result is a stronger and more bitter taste of coffee.

Lungo comes close to a larger cup than espresso. A good choice for sophisticated coffee lovers who want to get the most out of a cup of espresso!
Lungo coffee is an invention of the 20th century, which was born thanks to experiments with a coffee machine. The word lungo itself, translated from Italian, means "long", which perfectly describes the features of preparing a drink. Lungo is one of the "Great Coffee Triad" of classic espresso-based recipes. So the Italians call the three basic recipes of their coffee cuisine: espresso, ristretto and lungo. The latter has the largest volume and the highest strength.
lungo, what is lungo coffee, lungo picture infographics thecoffeefanatics.com

History of Lungo

Espresso as a morning coffee is fine, but not everyone has enough 30 ml of drink in order to have a normal breakfast. You can make a double or even triple shot of espresso, but it will take 2-3 times the amount of ground coffee and time. Simply adding water to espresso, resulting in an Americano, is unacceptable for most Italians: the national commitment to strong aromatic coffee is too strong. Baristas have figured out how to increase the amount of coffee they brew with a coffee machine without wasting too many ground beans and time.

There are two ways to make lungo coffee, and coffee lovers all over the world argue which one is more correct:
Increasing the portion by about 2 times due to the use of coarse coffee. The preparation time is the same as for espresso;
Increasing the portion of coffee by 2-4 times due to the lengthening of the extraction period of the drink.
Lungo rules (Lungo characteristics)
Classic lungo differs from other types of coffee in the absence of impurities: milk, cream, spirits, spices. By adding these ingredients in various proportions to the lungo, you can get dozens of other coffee drinks.
Coffee beans varieties
A mixture of several varieties of Arabica with a mild taste, it is not recommended to add Robusta
Roast degree of coffee beans
With an increase in extraction time - only the average (Full City or Vienna). If the extraction time does not exceed 30 seconds, then a dark roast (Italian or French) will do.
Grinding coffee beans
Large or slightly smaller
Water temperature for making spresso
For medium roast coffee - from +91 to +93 ° C,
for dark - from +88 to +91 ° C
Brewing time, seconds
From 25–30 to 60, depending on the method of preparation
The volume of the portion at the exit, ml.
Caffeine content (strength)
60–120 ml (with crema)
70-100 mg (per serving)

Best Coffee for Lungo

The main advantage of espresso is a full-bodied taste and rich aroma. Arabica has a wonderful aroma, so these beans are the most in espresso blends. But if you brew espresso from beans of any one variety, the aroma will be much poorer, "one-sided" than that of a mixture of different varieties of Arabica.
For greater strength, a little robusta is added to such mixtures, which is almost 2 times richer in caffeine. Robusta has one more feature: it gives a dense foam.
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When buying ground coffee in packs, it is important to ensure its tightness. After opening the package, it is better not to leave the coffee in the pack, but pour it into a glass container with a ground-in lid. The same should be done with excess self-ground coffee. But after 2-3 weeks of storage, the smell of ground coffee weakens.

Lungo has the best aroma from beans that are ground immediately before preparing the drink. Even if several hours pass between grinding the beans and brewing coffee, the coffee will have time to dampen and even run out of steam a little.
Ground coffee with aromatic additives is not suitable for making lungo: it is impossible to predict how artificial flavors will behave in an espresso coffee maker.
What is Lungo?

Best Nespresso, Lungo Capsules

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What you need to know when making lungo

Lungo is prepared using an espresso machine. Brewing a drink in a cezve (Turkish Coffee Pot) will not work.
Lungo contains more caffeine and tannins than classic espresso, which makes it more bitter. Therefore, for cooking lungo, it is better to use mixtures of pure Arabica, without the addition of Robusta. Aromatic varieties with a mild flavor should be preferred, for example, Kenyan or Tanzanian Arabica, Indian Plantation A.
Coarsely ground coffee is required to make lungo. The finer the grind, the more bitter the drink will be. If there is only regular fine-ground espresso coffee, then lungo can only be brewed by increasing the extraction time. Due to prolonged overheating, small particles will simply burn, and the drink will have an unpleasant aftertaste of burnt grains.
One teaspoon or 5 gram stick of sugar adds 19.35 calories per serving of coffee.
What is Lungo?

Proportions of Ristretto, Espresso and Lungo

About coffee strength TDS

TDS stands for total dissolved solids, is the % of substances dissolved in the drink of its total weight.
Coffee beans consist of 50% cellulose, which is not soluble at all. The soluble substances are only 36%, which is the maximum that can be extracted under laboratory conditions. When coffee is brewed with water, the acids are extracted first, then the sugars, and finally the bitter substances. Coffee tastes good when these substances are in balance with each other.
TDS is primarily influenced by two main factors: Ratio, which is the ratio of coffee to water: the more coffee, the higher the TDS and vice versa. Grind: The finer the grind, the higher the TDS.


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How to brew Lungo

There are no clear recommendations for lungo, as in the situation with ristretto. In one establishment, a cup with 40-50 ml of lungo will be placed in front of you, in the second - with 50-60 ml, in the third - with 90 ml (the so-called "triple portion"). The amount of coffee does not change - from 7 to 12 g. There is more caffeine in lungo than in espresso and ristretto, the extraction time is up to 1 minute, which explains the increased bitterness.
Classic lungo recipe
Ingredients:
ground coffee - 7-9 grams;
water - 60-120 ml.

Measure the right amount of ground coffee and press it into the coffee maker.
Preheat the thick-walled cup and place it in the drip tray.
Cooking time - 30 seconds.

Due to the fact that the grinding is coarse, 50-60 ml of water is poured through the pressed ground coffee in 30 seconds. The particles are washed by 2 times more water than during the preparation of espresso, so more caffeine and tannins get into the cup.
Chilled lungo
A very interesting option is cold espresso lungo. On a hot summer day, this tonic refreshing drink will be an excellent choice. For cooking you will need the following ingredients:

60-80 milliliters of water;
7-9 g of finely ground coffee;
Sugar to taste;
5 ice cubes;
3 art. spoons of milk foam;
10-25 grams of grated chocolate.

First, prepare the traditional lungo, add sugar and cool the drink with ice. Cooking milk foam. Pour coffee into a tall glass and top with milk foam and sprinkle with grated chocolate.
Australian lungo
Australian barista Matt Perger has come up with a new way to make lungo:

Brew a classic lungo, but from light roasted ground coffee (coarse grinding).
Lightly dampen a paper filter for a drip coffee maker and strain the drink through it.
As a result, foam and oils are retained on the filter. This produces lungo with a very rich aroma, firm body and moderate bitterness.

How to serve and drink lungo?

Drink espresso quickly enough. The first thing we do is stir the crema and espresso. The fact is that when water passes under pressure through the coffee tablet, it washes out various substances: minerals, salts, sugars, and so on. These substances inside the espresso begin to stratify, with the heavier elements going down and the lighter elements going higher and higher. If you just take a cup and without stirring take a sip, you will capture the first top layers, take a second sip and you will have a change in taste after the third and fourth sip the taste will also change slightly. In order to fully appreciate the espresso, the contents of the drink must be evenly distributed. To do this, it is enough to stir the espresso 2-3 times with a spoon to the very bottom of the cup and then try the drink.

The benefits and harms of lungo

Italians drink lungo only once a day and only until 11 am. Coffee invigorates, helps to wake up, but if you drink it later, overexcitation, increased nervousness, and insomnia are possible.

Even a healthy person is better off drinking such a drink not every day, but 4-5 times a week. People with heart disease should avoid lungo altogether, replacing it with coffee drinks with less caffeine.

Frequently Asked Questions about Lungo

What is the difference between americano and lungo?
An Americano is a shot of espresso diluted with two shots of hot water. While in the preparation of lungo, the entire volume of water flows through the coffee and a more complete and balanced drink is obtained.

You can cook delicious Americano, but then you need to approach roasting in a different way. Usually coffee is roasted separately for espresso and separately for filter brewing methods. In the case of Americano, you need to use a separate grinder to grind it coarser than for espresso. But this makes little sense when there is an opportunity to make more delicious black coffee - lungo.
What is Australian lungo?
Many coffee shops now offer Australian lungo as an alternative to americano, positioning lungo as a more proper black coffee. Americanos are not loved in third-wave coffee shops, as this whole culture revolves around maximizing the potential of a particular bean. And of course, adding 100-200 milliliters of hot water to a balanced espresso with its special body, aroma, taste characteristics simply makes the whole process of setting up an espresso and finding the perfect recipe meaningless.

As for the Australian lungo, it was invented at the World Barista Championship by Matt Perger, who competed for Australia and subsequently became the 2013 World Barista Champion. Perger introduced his lungo as a signature drink, and now he is known to a wide audience as the Australian lungo. He decided to make black coffee with a volume of about 200 milliliters, but at the same time violate all the canons of espresso: take a light roast coffee, coarse grinding and a long pour.
What is the point? We take coarse ground coffee, roasted under the filter, and put it in the portafilter basket. It turns out very dense and rich in taste black coffee, prepared many times faster than filter coffee (Australian lungo is brewed in an average of 30 seconds). Such a drink turns out to be denser than hario and aeropress, and somewhat richer in taste.
Where is more caffeine in lungo or ristretto?
There is more caffeine in lungo than in espresso and ristretto, the extraction time is up to 1 minute, which explains the increased bitterness. If you want to cheer up in the morning - choose lungo.
Where is more caffeine in lungo or doppio?
Doppio is just an Italian word meaning "double".
However, avid coffee lovers should be aware that doppio is one of their favorite drinks.
The doppio coffee recipe is simple. For preparation, you need the same ingredients as for espresso coffee, but 2 times more.
The process of making doppio coffee is no different from making espresso coffee. And the result is a cup of aromatic double coffee with double the amount of caffeine and with the new name doppio.
Doppio coffee is often confused with lungo coffee. But their fundamental difference lies in the fact that lungo is prepared from one serving of ground coffee, but with double the amount of water. And the taste of drinks is absolutely not similar.
Doppio tastes like regular espresso, while lungo has a slightly burnt and bitter taste.
These 2 types of coffee have a large amount of caffeine: due to the long passage of water through one serving of ground coffee, more caffeine and other sparingly soluble substances get into the "lungo"; and doppio gets its dose of caffeine from a double shot of ground coffee.
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More pages about espresso on our website
What is espresso?

Best Coffee Machines to Brew Espresso and Lungo

Breville BES870XL Barista Express Espresso Machine, Large, Stainless Steel

  • 15 bar Italian pump
  • Purge Function: Automatically adjusts water temperature after steam for optimal espresso extraction temperature
  • Stainless steel conical burr grinder with 1/2 pounds sealed bean hopper
  • 1600 watt thermo coil heating system
  • 67 fluid ounce (2 Liter) removable water tank with handle

Breville BES870XL Barista Express Espresso Machine

Gaggia RI9380/46 Classic Pro Espresso Machine, Solid

The Gaggia Classic Pro is improved by one of the best semi-automatic espresso machines available at the entry level. Texture milk with the latest commercial steam wand for a velvety microfoam suitable for latte painting. Brew specialist espresso with the commercial 58 mm portafilter style and the commercial single and double shot baskets included. Or, with the pressurized basket, get the most out of pre-ground or ESE pods. A new look is provided by the revised design, with improved pump mounts for quieter brewing.

  • Commercial Components
  • Cafe Quality Espresso
  • Improved Design

Gaggia RI9380/46 Classic Pro Espresso Machine, Solid

DeLonghi EC685R Dedica Deluxe 15-Bar Pump Espresso Machine

In four colors, the De'Longhi Dedica DeLuxe Pump Espresso Machine offers the high-quality coffee brewing capacity you expect in an ultraslim 6-inch size from De'Longhi. In just 35 seconds, the Thermoblock Heating System provides ideal beverages.

You can also prepare several delicious cups in a row by using the Rapid Cappuccino Method to preserve the perfect temperature. With little or no effort, the Premium Customizable Frother enables you to change the foam and steam levels to customize a selection of delicious espresso-based beverages, such as flat white, latte macchiato and more.

For lattes or larger-sized drinks, the double drip tray may handle taller glasses. A cup warmer, standby energy-saving mode, descaling warning, removable 35-oz provide additional features. A tank of water and an anti-drip system. With the De'Longhi Dedica DeLuxe, bring the coffeehouse experience home. It's fast and easy, in no time you'll be sipping.

DeLonghi EC685R Dedica Deluxe 15-Bar Pump Espresso Machine

What is espresso?

Best Coffee Grinders for Espresso Machines

Breville BCG820BSS Smart Grinder Pro Coffee Bean Grinder, Brushed Stainless Steel

Stainless steel conical burrs designed to reduce grinding heat and protect the coffee bean essential oils From the finest Espresso to the coarsest French Press Grind, 60 exact grinding settings. Tension: 110 120 Volt. Capacity: 165 Watts
Precision Electronic Timer allows users to change grind time every time in increments of 0.2 seconds and consistent dose 18 ounce coffee bean volume with a locking system for fast bean hopper removal, storage and transfer Grind directly into the portafilter, grind jar, filter basket for gold tone or filter paper Tiny portafilter cradle 50 54 mm; 58 mm wide portafilter cradle

Breville BCG820BSS Smart Grinder Pro Coffee Bean Grinder, Brushed Stainless Steel

Delonghi Stainless Steel Dedica Coffee Grinder KG521M

The Gaggia Classic Pro is improved by one of the best semi-automatic espresso machines available at the entry level. Texture milk with the latest commercial steam wand for a velvety microfoam suitable for latte painting. Brew specialist espresso with the commercial 58 mm portafilter style and the commercial single and double shot baskets included. Or, with the pressurized basket, get the most out of pre-ground or ESE pods. A new look is provided by the revised design, with improved pump mounts for quieter brewing.

  • Commercial Components
  • Cafe Quality Espresso
  • Improved Design

Delonghi Stainless Steel Dedica Coffee Grinder KG521M

Baratza Virtuoso+ Conical Burr Coffee Grinder with Digital Timer Display

SPECIALTY COFFEE ASSOCIATION AWARD WINNING GRINDERS - Baratza grinders are favoured and endorsed by Baratza's world-class support from coffee professionals.
DIGITAL TIMER and BACKLIT GROUNDS BIN - a digital timer of 40 seconds, adjustable to a tenth of a second, and an LED backlit ground bin to reliably and regularly dose ground coffee.
40 GRIND SETTINGS - To help you discover a wide variety of brewing methods with enhanced commercial-grade conical burrs (espresso, Aeropress, Hario V60, Chemex, French Press, and automatic brewers).
STYLISH - A top and base of sculpted metal offer the Virtuoso+ a modern picture that highlights your coffee corner.

Baratza Virtuoso+ Conical Burr Coffee Grinder with Digital Timer Display

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